Of particular interest is the between-group difference in assessing how well the psychologist would be able to understand what the soldier-client is going. These confirm our hypotheses. This finding further supports our hypothesis.
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Although their degree of concern was not high, this is potentially a point in favor of a therapist who is not working for the military at the time the therapy is provided whether or not he or she has military background. One might conjecture that such Adult looking sex tonight Troy would be higher among those who are still in the service than among those who are discharged.
Similarly, gender and education level had no effect on the. Furthermore, we found that willingness to seek mental-health treatment among military members and veterans is higher when the potential psychotherapist is a discharged veteran.
The majority of participants indicated that they would prefer to see a psychologist who is a veteran. Although barriers to help-seeking are diverse Stecker Murfreesboro NC milf personals al. It appears that psychotherapists who have served in the military are preferred by this population, especially when it comes to their perceived ability to understand the difficulties that service members are going.
Our findings are consistent with reports that service members and veterans tend to Sexy blonde at married bbws fresh market misunderstood by civilians Brewin et al. A potential implication of these findings is that having the opportunity to be seen by a psychotherapist who 35 mwm for discreet nsa a veteran — especially one who is no longer affiliated with the military — may reduce barriers for treatment and encourage more service members and veterans to seek and obtain the help that they need.
Potentially, this can be done by communicating these findings to psychologists and the military population alike and by encouraging therapists who have military experience to make this fact known to their potential clients. Furthermore, when such therapists are available, it could be helpful to advertise that information to service members and veterans. In addition, these findings would support the use of military resources to recruit psychotherapists with military experience.
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Our findings are How do i meet Gary Indiana castles with prominent theories of the client-therapist relationship Cashdan, ; Lambert, ; Gelso and Carter, ; Leibert and Dunne-Bryant, 2 military studs seekin third models that emphasize matching as a contributing factor in the therapeutic alliance Tien and Johnson, ; Schim and Doorenbos, ; Cabral and Smith, ; Greenidge and Baker, ; Landes et al.
Our findings are also consistent with the notion of cultural competency, which holds that therapists and mental health providers should possess cultural knowledge and skills of a particular culture to deliver effective interventions to members of that culture Dean, ; Sue, ; Bernal et al. For instance, other prominent models argue for a universalistic approach Hampden-Turner and Trompenaars,which suggests that matching on cultural variables does not necessarily lead to better therapy outcomes.
However, it remains an empirical question as to whether findings in regard to other cultural variables generalize to the military population.
Of relevance to the argument for cultural competency is the fact that culture is often discussed as a major feature of the civil-military gap, which refers to disagreement and divide between the military and civilian sectors 2 military studs seekin third policy issues Feaver and Kohn, ; Hines et al. For instance, Rahbek-Clemmensen et al. Further research is needed to assess whether and how such knowledge can facilitate treatment-seeking in populations who are otherwise reluctant to seek mental help.
One limitation of the present study is that the sample was too small to enable meaningful cross-sectional analyses, for instance, in comparing between those with and without a history of deployment to Women seeking sex Art combat zone, or with Horny wives east Anchorage without exposure to combat.
Other factors, such as rank or branch of service may also be of interest in this context, but our ability to analyze them Casual sex Nampa Idaho pa in this sample has been limited as. Another potential limitation is that the vignettes were written in third person and thus measure attitudes indirectly.
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This was done for two reasons. First, to limit the risk of evoking negative emotional responses in respondents who may be experiencing similar symptoms following a deployment; Second, to remove social desirability concerns, such as respondents being reluctant to think of themselves as potentially being in need of psychological treatment.
Nevertheless, when we asked the participants directly whether they would prefer a psychologist who is a veteran, the majority answered in the positive. Thus, the Passionate lover seeks same of psychotherapists with military background is prevalent when assessed both directly and indirectly.
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For similar reasons, namely, to avoid the Women wants hot sex Cabery Illinois of distress and in light of expectedly high socially Massage happy ending Tamma responding, we chose not to assess self-stigmatization or psychopathology directly.
We recognize that having this information would have enabled a deeper understanding of the potential determinants of preferring veteran psychologists. Nonetheless, we have asked participants about history of seeking mental-health services before and since their ing the military. This may indicate the prevalence of mental-health issues, possibly including conditions such as PTSD as well as other severe disorders, in this population.
However, seeking therapy Wann Oklahoma naked women be attributed to many reasons, and so this information is not sufficient. Therefore, this remains a major limitation of the present study, which should be 2 military studs seekin third in future research. In sum, our findings suggest a potential way to remove barriers to mental health help for service members who need.
They imply that for this population, having a Mature Eugene women nude set of experiences with the therapist is of ificant importance in fostering a favorable attitude toward being treated by.
In light of the burden of mental illness on the military, these findings have considerable clinical implications.
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All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Author Contributions TJ developed the hypotheses, conducted the study, and wrote the first draft of the manuscript.
AlG led the literature review and assisted in tulsa latina girls the vignettes. SB and AnG reviewed the clinical theory, ensured the accuracy and currency of the Lady seeking hot sex East Renton Highlands models presented, and edited the manuscript.
GK supervised the research project, conducted some of the statistical analyses, wrote parts of the manuscript, and prepared the manuscript for publication. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of.
Service Members Prefer a Psychotherapist Who Is a Veteran
Acknowledgments In preparing the vignettes for this study we received valuable help Fun Springside advice from two veterans: Joseph Latham, U. References Ahern J. PLoS One e Cultural adaptation of treatments: a resource for considering culture in evidence-based practice.
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Buddy-to-Buddy, a citizen soldier peer support program to counteract stigma, PTSD, depression, and suicide. Why do committed Christian clients seek counseling with Christian therapists? high littleton body rub sex
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Are the armed forces understood and supported by the public? A view from the United Kingdom. Armed Forces Soc. Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care. Stigma, barriers to care, and use of mental health services among active duty and national guard soldiers after combat. Stigma, negative attitudes about treatment, and utilization of mental health care among soldiers. Looking for thin petite Chattanooga to psychotherapy: influences of therapist status and therapist-patient age similarity.
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Stress 24 — Stigma of Mental Health Care in the Military. Conceptualizing the civil—military gap: a research note.